ANSI/NISO Z39.96-2015


(This foreword is not part of the ANSI/NISO Z39.96-2015 standard, JATS: Journal Article Tag Suite. It is included for information only.)

About This Standard

This Standard was first published in 2012 and revised in 2015. This 2015 revision is JATS Version 1.1 of the Standard. In addition to the element and attribute descriptions, three journal article tag sets have been provided as part of NISO JATS.

This standard was originally based on the National Library of Medicine (NLM) Journal Archiving and Interchange Tag Suite, which was created by The National Center for Biotechnology Information (NCBI; of the National Library of Medicine (NLM; with the intent of providing a common format in which publishers and archives could exchange journal content. The NLM Tag Suite was developed as an update of a Document Type Definition (DTD) used by the NCBI/NLM PubMed Central project to archive life science journals from a variety of sources. Input and support from Harvard University Libraries, as well as support from The Andrew W. Mellon Foundation and collaboration with Inera, Inc. and Mulberry Technologies, Inc., allowed the scope of the project to be broadened and resulted in the NLM Journal Archiving and Interchange Tag Suite.

2015 Edition

The NISO JATS: Journal Article Tag Suite Version 1.1 is a revision of NISO Z39.96-2012, which was published in July 2012. The NISO JATS 1.0 standard was the intellectual successor to NLM DTD version 3.0. Since the first version was released, there have been three non-normative Committee Draft versions: 1.1d1 (the first Committee Draft of version 1.1) in December 2013; 1.1d2 in December 2014; and 1.1d3 in April 2015. The current version (ANSI NISO Z39.96-2015) includes all of the changes made due to public comment on the three Committee Draft versions.

Comments on JATS 1.0 made through the NISO form through November 2015 have been addressed by the JATS Standing Committee and incorporated in this update. All of the changes accepted are backward compatible with JATS 1.0, which means that any document that was valid according to JATS 1.0 will be valid according to JATS 1.1. Details of the Standing Committee recommendations on the comments submitted are available in:

JATS 1.1: Continuous Maintenance

JATS 1.0 was released by ANSI/NISO in August 2012. Since then, JATS has been in continuous maintenance mode; a full description of this ANSI-approved process is available at A Z39.96 Standing Committee was formed to review comments and suggested changes. The response of the Standing Committee to the comments is documented on the NISO website and Committee drafts of the supplemental materials that reflect the changes are made available to the public.

Instructions for Submittal of Proposed Changes to ANSI/NISO Z39.96 Under Continuous Maintenance

If a provision of the standard is proposed for addition, deletion, or modification, the text of the provision must be submitted in writing. Comments or proposals for revision to any part of the standard may be submitted to NISO at any time. Submissions must be accompanied by the submitter’s name, affiliation, telephone number, and email address. Comments may be submitted to NISO online at Z39-96 Standing Committee reviews suggestions at least twice a year.

Trademarks, Service Marks

Wherever used in this recommended practice, all terms that are trademarks or service marks are and remain the property of their respective owners.

NISO Voting Members

At the time NISO approved this standard, the following organizations were members of the NISO voting pool that approved this standard.

American Library Association (ALA)
Jill Emery

American Physical Society (APS)
Mark Doyle

American Psychological Association (APA)
Janice Fleming

American Society for Information Science & Technology (ASIS&T)
Mark Needleman

Association of American Publishers (AAP)
John Tagler

Cengage Learning
Marti Heyman

Chuck Koscher

EBSCO Information Services
Oliver Pesch

Ex Libris, Inc.
Mike Dicus

Inera Inc.
Bruce Rosenblum

Amy Kirchhoff

JAMA and The JAMA Network
Annette Flanagin
John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.
Duncan Campbell

Library of Congress
John Zagas

Los Alamos National Laboratory
Dianna (Dee) Magnoni

Paul Swanson

Mulberry Technologies, Inc.
B. Tommie Usdin

Music Library Association
Nara Newcomer

National Library of Medicine (NLM)
Barbara Rapp

Oxford University Press
James Phillpotts

Beat Barblan

Public Library of Science (PLoS)
Helen Atkins

SAGE Publications
Lettie Conrad

Society of American Archivists (SAA)
Genevieve Preston-Chavez

Content and Collections Management Topic Committee

At the time NISO approved this standard, the following individuals served on the Content and Collections Management Topic Committee.

Eva Bolkovac
Yale University Library

Marti Heyman, Co-chair
Cengage Learning

Eric Hildress
OCLC Online Computer Library Center

Marjorie Hlava
National Federation of Advanced Information Services (NFAIS)
Rebecca Kennison
K|N Consultants

Amy Kirchhoff

Robert Klingenberger
Yale University Library

Betty Landesman, Co-chair
University of Baltimore, Langsdale Library

NISO JATS Standing Committee

The following individuals served on the NISO JATS Standing Committee, which prepared this revision:

Ardie Bausenbach
Library of Congress

Jeffrey Beck, Co-chair
National Center for Biotechnology Information (NCBI), U.S. National Library of Medicine

Brook Begin (from June 2014)
Silverchair Information Systems

Mark Doyle
American Physical Society

Kevin Hawkins
University of North Texas

Kirsten Howard (through May 2014)
Silverchair Information Systems

Betty Landesman
University of Baltimore, Langsdale Library

Deborah A. Lapeyre
Mulberry Technologies, Inc.

Nikos Markantonatos
Atypon Systems, Inc.

Mary McRae
IQ Solutions

John Meyer

Nick Nunes
Highwire Press

Evan Owens
Cenveo Publisher Services

Laura Randall
National Center for Biotechnology Information (NCBI), U.S. National Library of Medicine

Bruce Rosenblum
Inera Inc.

Soichi Tokizane
Aichi University

B. Tommie Usdin, Co-chair
Mulberry Technologies, Inc.

Alex Wade
Microsoft Corporation